According to Nietzsche self-transcendence is the common essence of all moral codes: "Man is something that should be overcome." Self-transcendence is of the essence not only of morality, but of humans themselves; it is one’s authentic, civilized humanity. Nietzsche’s model of the self-perfected most authentically civilized man is the overman or the one who has overcome or transcended himself. Self-overcoming as the basis of self-transcendence and self-perfection is in brief what the Nietzschean conception of man is all about.
Confucius once said: "To overcome oneself and return to li is what is meant by jen." What Confucius means by li and jen may be put succinctly: li is what constitutes the civilized order by which our authentic humanity or jen is defined. To be more specific, li is the ritual propriety essential to civilized life; it is the civilizing factor or element -- the "civilized form", if you will -- that distinguishes human from non-human existence. The civilizing function of li lies precisely in its disciplinary power or the human power of self-command. Like the Nietzschean overman, the Confucian chun tzu or superior man is also an authentic, civilized human being: he, too, is one who has overcome or transcended himself.
Overcome humanity - the worst elements of humanity - to truly become human.
It continues -
There thus exists at least a notable formal similarity or parallelism between Nietzschean and Confucian philosophy in its conception of authentic humanity: namely, the recognition that the being of man is at heart moral in character. They agree that the process of being human, the civilizing process, is fundamentally a process of "moral creativity", namely, the creative transformation of human character by virtue of self-overcoming or self-command. But thus conceived, moral creativity is in truth human creativity: for Nietzsche, man is at once the "creator" and "creature" of his authentic existence. To put this in well-known existential phraseology, "Man is nothing but that which he makes of himself":4 the product of his own "self-making". What makes such creativity "moral" and defines the "moral" dimension of being human is none other than the power and reality of self-overcoming. There can be no question that in both Nietzschean and Confucian thought the human capacity of self-command is of the essence of one’s humanity: self-overcoming is the constitutive principle in the human.
"There can be no question that in both Nietzschean and Confucian thought the human capacity of self-command is of the essence of one’s humanity: self-overcoming is the constitutive principle in the human."
Brilliant. Self-command. Create. Overcome.
Yes. That's it.
What's cyclothymia? It's a mild form of the docs used to call "manic-depression," but which they re-name periodically. Cyclothymics can actually function decently well, and as such often don't know they've got it. If you cycle through highs and lows, are particularly artistic, or that describes someone you love, then read this post in full and please comment with your own experience. I'm still learning, myself.
AN INTRODUCTION TO CYCLOTHYMIA
Knowing the term "Cyclothymia" would have been very helpful to me a few years ago. This essay is plain English and, if I've done a good job, might help people who associate with a cyclothymic relate better to them, and might help a cyclothymic manage themselves better and produce better.
I'm against the "medical-ization" of life. We need medical terms, but we need to be able to explain things in plain English without labeling. Labeling, by definition, drastically simplifies.
Cyclothymia is simple at its roots, simple enough for a plain discussion without medicalization. Here's how it works for me -
The human being is an animal, yet one far different from any other. Dasein is aware of its existence. the meaning of such a statement lies in our abilities of practical and rational reasoning, of scientific discoveries and technological wonders. all accomplishments of humanity are due to this awareness, which is postulated within thought...
Oh thought, how glorious can it possibly become?
Being is contained within thought, all our ideas, sensations, and emotions are built by these most basic postulates of consciousness. But what is experienced which is a thought is still a mere representation of what could possibly be. Knowledge only claims facts and truths due to the dogmatic belief that sense datum gives us the full scope of reality. Belief, ingrained within reason, is what has manifested today as human society.
Believing in truth has been an impulsive phenomenon gracing humanity since its beginning days.
Experience is a means towards nothing. Not the idea of nothing, which would indeed be something, but the essence which is contained within the idea. No goals or ends involved, just mere being in a state of continuum. In other words, life is action, with many methods that conjoin in subjectivity. Kant discovered the phrase, “the things within themselves,” which suggests that the empirical is an end within its means, the means being its transcendental nature. But because true reality is unknowable, how can one logically declare ends towards its nature? It would only be a belief.